Why a project on the design of an industrial wooden robot? You may believe that this idea is crazy? However, this idea comes from the actual context of climate change.
The Climate Change Mitigation (CCM) has become a priority in Europe. To deal with this huge challenge, the European Council adopted new environmental targets for EU in 2008, the so-called “20-20-20 targets”, in which the first two targets are:
Such targets cannot be achieved without the collaboration of Governments and Industry. However, with the financial crisis, Industry is faced with its survival with respect to (wrt) the low cost countries. Thus, Industry must (i) innovate, (ii) robotize its processes to avoid relocation / reinforce the reshoring trend.
In 2014, the robot world operational stock was about 1,500,000 units A recent study shows that at least 6.107 kWh of energy is consumed per year to operate the robots while at least 1,500,000 T of raw materials (whose stock on Earth is limited and whose extraction / processing is polluting) have been used to build them. For the manufacturing of the robot worldwide stock, the equivalent of 11,000,000 T of CO2 has been released in the atmosphere. So, the use of current robots goes against CCM.
The main objective of RobEcolo is to propose innovative design methodologies leading to new robots with a drastically reduced environmental impact (in terms of Greenhouse Gas emission during the robot manufacturing phase).
The project is also supported by the French cluster for competitiveness EMC2